Jurnal Syariah https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JS <div style="text-align: justify;">Jurnal Syariah is a multidisciplinary academic journal published semiannually by the Academy of Islamic Studies, Universiti Malaya since 1993. The Jurnal Syariah provides a significant platform for scholars to publish writings on Shariah Studies in its classical and contemporary perspectives. This includes the discussion on fiqh and its jurisprudence, economics, law, political sciences, public administrations and social Sciences. The journal welcomes submission of articles, research papers, report on Shariah court cases and book reviews in the field of Shariah studies. Since 2008, Jurnal Syariah has increased its publication to thrice a year.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><img src="https://ejournal.um.edu.my/public/site/images/jurnal_syariah/indekss22.jpg" alt="" /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> </div> Academy of Islamic Studies, Universiti Malaya en-US Jurnal Syariah 0128-6730 <p>COPYRIGHT: All rights reserved. Not allowed to be reproduced any part of articles and contents of this journal in any form or by any way, whether electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without permission in writing from the Chief Editor, Jurnal Syariah.</p> HOUSEHOLDS’ OVER-INDEBTEDNESS: AN EXPLANATION FROM A SHARI‘AH PERSPECTIVE https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JS/article/view/41962 <p><em>Excessive indebtedness at the individual level can create vulnerability to exploitation (</em><em>Zulm), leading to a modern form of slavery known as debt bondage. Household over-indebtedness has become an increasingly widespread phenomenon in Malaysia, compounded by the negative economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In response, this study explores the different aspects of indebtedness from a Sharī‘ah perspective. The research draws on a qualitative methodology, including an intensive literature review, analysis of Quranic verses and the sayings of the Prophet. (pbuh), as well as interviews with reputable scholars. The study provides a detailed understanding of Sharī‘ah's position on debt in various circumstances, the relationship between debtors and creditors, preventive solutions, and solutions for those over-indebted. The study highlights rules that regulate the relationship between debtors and creditors and suggests solutions to assist households in financial difficulties. The study concludes that incurring debt should be for Sharī‘ah-compliant purposes and with a genuine intention to pay back, regardless of the hierarchy of needs. This study makes a valuable contribution to the literature on preventing debt bondage and offers insights that can help households avoid over-indebtedness.</em></p> Mohamed Hamza Ghaouri Salina Kassim Habeebullah Zakariyah Anwar Hasan Abdullah Othman Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-08-30 2023-08-30 31 2 102 136 CURTAILING THE SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA: LESSONS FROM THE QUR’ĀNIC STORY OF DHU AL-QARNAYN https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JS/article/view/41664 <p><em>The purpose of this paper is to examine the security challenge in contemporary Nigeria and to identify the lessons from the Qur’ānic story of Dh</em><em>u</em><em> al-Qarnayn as a model for addressing security issues in the country. This study is descriptive and qualitative. Selected examples of security issues in the Qurʾān and early Islam, the Qur’ānic references to security in Surah 18:83-101 and its connection to security challenges in Nigeria were reviewed, to identify a practical approach for curtailing security challenges to promote national development. Results show that Islam as a comprehensive religion, directly and indirectly, recommends various approaches towards mopping away the insecurity. The paper emphasizes that experience of Dh</em><em>u</em><em> al-Qarnayn as depicted in Q.18:83-101 is a sufficient idea in tackling the defacing occurrences of maiming, kidnapping, carting away of public properties, illegal protest, and the like</em><em>.</em></p> Sulyman Muhammad Busayri AbdulGafar Olawale Fahm Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Syariah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 31 2 137 173