Jurnal Usuluddin https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD <p>Jurnal Usuluddin (ISSN: 1394-3723, E-ISSN: 0128-0708) adalah jurnal akademik berwasit dwi-tahunan yang diterbitkan oleh Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. Ia menerbitkan makalah ilmiah dalam bidang Akidah dan Pemikiran Islam, Pengajian al-Qur'an dan al-Hadith, Sejarah dan Tamadun Islam serta Dakwah dan Pembangunan Insan dalam bahasa Melayu, Inggeris dan Arab.</p> <p>Journal of Usuluddin (ISSN: 1394-3723, E-ISSN: 0128-0708) is a referred biannual academic journal published by Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. It publishes scholarly articles on `Aqidah and Islamic Thought, Qur'anic and Prophetic Tradition Studies, Islamic History and Civilisation, Da`wah and Human Development in Malay, English, and Arabic.</p> <div class="gs"> <div class=""> <div id=":4c2" class="ii gt"> <div id=":4c1" class="a3s aXjCH "> <div dir="ltr"> <div>مجلة أصول الدين هي مجلة محكمة تصدرها أكاديمية الدراسات الإسلامية بجامعة ملايا بكوالا لمبور-ماليزيا, مرتين في السنة . تنشر المجلة الأبحاث العلمية في مجال &nbsp;العقيدة والفكر الإسلامي, والدراسات القرآنية والحديثية, والتاريخ والحضارة الإسلامية, والدعوة والتنمية البشرية, &nbsp;باللغة الملايوية والعربية والإنجليزية.</div> </div> <div class="yj6qo">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>E-ISSN &nbsp;: 0128-0708</strong><br><strong>ISSN : 1394-3723</strong><br> <strong>Publisher: Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya</strong><br> <strong>Publication type: Print/&nbsp;Online</strong><br> <strong>Publication frequency: 2 time(s) per year (June &amp; December)</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/jurnalusuluddin/mycite-logo_1_orig35.png" alt="">&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US Jurnal Usuluddin 1394-3723 Bentuk-bentuk Pemulihan Akhlak bagi Pesalah Seks di Malaysia: Suatu Sorotan Literatur https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27979 <p><em>Sexual misconduct is not a new occurrence in Malaysia. It is a global issue that has raised concern and threatened the well-being of a society. From here, a recovery intervention program was introduced to help those who are involved with anti-social behaviour in order to restore their physical and spiritual welfares. The existence of rehabilitation institutions and correctional centres in Malaysia plays a significant role as it acts as platforms in implementing moral rehabilitation programs by formulating various modules and activities. In summary, there are two forms of moral rehabilitation which are institutional rehabilitation and communal rehabilitation. Hence, this paper will identify the types of moral rehabilitation meant for sex offenders at rehabilitation institutions and correctional centres in Malaysia. This paper applies the qualitative approach through descriptive analysis method based on findings from previous studies. Based on theses findings, it is found that there are generally four types of moral rehabilitation in rehabilitation institutions and correctional centres which are religious/spiritual rehabilitation, rehabilitation based on Islamic guidance and counselling, rehabilitation based on vocational training and education and rehabilitation based on social and physical development.</em></p> Nursyahidah Ibrahim Nurul Husna Mansor Yusmini Md Yusoff Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 1 23 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.1 Hadith Daif dan Palsu dalam Pengurusan Jenazah: Kajian Terhadap Sumber dan Rujukan Masyarakat Islam di Mukim Kutan, Tumpat, Kelantan https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27980 <p><em>There are a few practices in </em><em>Muslims funeral rituals today are </em><em>stemming from tradition that influenced by the customs and culture of community. There are also rituals that have been practiced through this generation based on weak and fabricated hadiths. Therefore, this quantitative study which involves 361 respondents is to identify the source of funeral rituals for Muslim community in Mukim Kutan, Tumpat Kelantan. Several weak and fabricated hadiths in funeral rituals theme have been selected to see the relevance with community practice. As a result, the sources used by the Muslim community in funeral rituals are from Quran and sunnah, </em>Shāfi‘iyyah’s<em> view, weak, too weak and fabricated hadiths, also based on customary heritage. However, it is undeniable the practices that </em><em>consistent</em><em> to the teaching of Quran and sunnah still dominate in funeral rituals but there are also practices that contradict to sunnah and </em>Shāfi‘iyyah’s<em> view. </em></p> Nur Farha Muhammad Faleh Lai Faisal Ahmad Shah Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 25 56 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.2 Islamofobia dalam Filem Barat: Analisis Kritis dalam filem American Sniper dan 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27981 <p><em>Recently, the phobic nature of Islam has gripped Western society called ‘Islamophobia’. Islamophobia has existed for so long but has risen over the last decade, after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack that destroyed the World Trade Center building in New York, USA. Muslim are targeted for their religious ethical and moral beliefs, with the growing tensions of Islamophobia around the world, especially in the West. Additionally, hatred and phobia towards Islam are often expressed through filming. Most of the emergence of this anti-Islamic propaganda film is from the West because the Islamophobic wave itself sparks from the West. Films produced often illustrate the dark side of Islam and Muslim themselves. The film titled American Snipers and 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi were known to sow the seeds of Islamophobia through the dark side exposure to Islam and adherents such as displaying Arabs as terrorists. These anti-Islamic propaganda films are a problem for the germination of Islamophobia among non-Muslims. Islamophobia is one of the anti-Islam messages. Therefore, this article will identify the Islamophobic messages applied in American Sniper and 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi. This study also led to a discussion of the Islamic perspective on Islamophobia. The results of the data analysis found that the film studied was a propaganda film that featured anti-Islam propaganda through Islamophobia in the aspect of cinematography and film screenplay whether it was presented clearly or hidden.</em></p> Wan Rashidah Hanim Wan Mohamad Nor Raudah Siren Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 57 94 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.3 Pembangunan Mahasiswa Melalui Program Tarbiah oleh Belia Harmoni di Selangor https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27982 <p><em>Student development programme is an important programme to produce students with high standard and balance in all aspect. This article will discuss about the implementation of tarbiah (development and training) programme in developing students by Belia Harmoni in Selangor. Belia Harmoni is a platform under a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) namely Pertubuhan IKRAM Malaysia (IKRAM) as a specific wing to carry out tarbiah programme for students. This study has used the interview technique to obtain the data. The result of this study found that there are seven tarbiah programme implemented by Belia Harmoni during the student development process; which are usrah (group of discussion circle), katibah (qiamullail), rehlah (picnic), mukhayyam (camping), daurah (lecture on a topic), muktamar (convention) and nadwah (presentation).&nbsp;</em></p> Fadhilatul Ehsan Fakhrul Adabi Muhammed Yusof Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 95 132 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.4 Penyakit ‘Ain dalam Perspektif Hadith dan Masyarakat Melayu https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27983 <p><em>Evil eye had been described in several hadiths which show its existence and its harmful effects on humans. The Malay community in particular mention the disease 'ain refers to several other names such as </em>“keteguran”<em>, contact with eyes, hypnotic, magic potion, eye bolts and so on. Through the method of inductive and descriptive analysis, this article aims to collect hadiths from </em>al-Kutub al-Sittah<em> that related to evil eye and provide explanations of </em>fiqh al-ḥadīth<em>-based through the book of explanations of hadith. Then, the discussions associated with the practice in the Malay community-related to evil eye.</em> <em>The findings show that among the 11 major hadiths of </em>al-Kutub al-Sittah<em> are related to evil eye which can be divided into four main areas, namely; Firstly: the resolution of the messenger of allah on the presence and effect of evil eye. Secondly: bath treatment for the patient affected by evil eye with the remaining’s of a specific ablution done by the evil eye perpetrator. Thirdly: treatment of evil eye through </em>ruqyah<em> practice. Forthly: ​​protection against evil eye through </em>ta‘awwuz<em> (request for protection).</em> <em>But, in the community there are distinctive treatment and prevention methods compared to what is described in the discussion from fiqh al-hadith. In conclusion, evil eye is a condition that affects harm and has a specific treatment approach to its victim as explained by the Prophet.</em></p> Mohamad Khairul Faiz Mohd Khadzali Khadher Ahmad Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 133 173 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.5 Remarks on the Conceptualization of the Educational Problem in the Muslim World: The Case of Algeria https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27984 <p>This study is a reflection into the methodological considerations that must be adopted to tackle the educational problem in the Arab and Muslim countries: the case of Algeria. The purpose is to discuss those methodological considerations that may pave the way to an objective approach of the educational problem in Algeria. This is to provide the researchers with some methodological tools to formulating the educational problem. An attempt has been made to address research questions, i.e. How should we conceptualize the educational problem in the Arab and Muslim countries: The case of Algeria? To conclude, this reflection requires us to give more importance to these methodological considerations to be able to state the educational problem in the Arab-Muslim lands in the appropriate manner. And, the elucidation of the concept of the ‘problem’ in educational research is an inevitable necessity. This is to pave the way for Muslim educational theorizers to grasp the essential components of the educational problem as a basic step to resolve it. The reason is that the educational problem is one of the important challenges facing the modern state and the epicentre of the current global civilizational conflict. The desired model of man, is the pivotal concern of philosophy of education. That is why, the educational problem in the Arab-Muslim lands is how to re-qualify the contemporary Muslim man to move from the state of being a backward man to the state of a civilized human being.</p> Omar Nakib Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 175 193 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.6 Stress and Coping Strategies Amongst Islamic Education Novice Teachers https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27985 <p>Studies have shown that teaching profession is considered to be a highly stressful career and this can lead to teachers suffering from burnout. Teachers from many countries reported high levels of stresses, particularly, novice teachers who seem to be more vulnerable to the pressures of the profession compared to experienced teachers. Thus, in order to fill in the voids in the existing teacher stress literature, the present study aims to investigate factors contributing to stress among Islamic Education novice teachers during their early years of teaching and their coping strategies to minimize the pressure. This study was conducted on a number of Islamic education novice teachers in secondary schools from four different states in Malaysia. The data were acquired by using semi-structured individual interviews. Insight into these factors and coping strategies can serve as significant guidance in laying out support for novice teachers’ professional development.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Tengku Sarina Aini Tengku Kasim Azizah Abdul Majid Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 195 226 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.7 Ahammiyah al-Tazkiyyah fī Tarbiyyah al-Insān min Khilāl al-Ru’yah al-Ḥaḍāriyyah al-Islāmiyyah https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JUD/article/view/27986 <p><em>This paper analyses the importance of purification </em>(Tazkia)<em> and its place in bringing up balanced man in light of the integrated Islamic civilizational vision. It focuses on various dimensions and meanings of </em>Tazkia<em> relating it to the concept of vicegerency </em>(Istikhlaf)<em> and its objectives of worship, civilisational advancement, ethical excellence and conveying the message of “mercy to all mankind”. The Islamic sources and evidences have vehemently shown the importance of Islamic oriented model of Tazkia in educating man, strengthening society and protecting the major values of Islam. Hence, this paper aspires towards addressing the meaning of </em>Tazkia<em> connecting it to several other concepts and Islamic principles such as; Tawhid, vicegerency, civilisation and Ummah. The paper concludes that there is a need to develop more coherent and integrated vision to use </em>Tazkia<em> as an educational, spiritual and ethical means to build good vicegerent of God. As such, an attempt has been made to shed some lights on this vision urging others researchers to delve onto this important area of Islamic research. This paper also stresses the need to revisit the methods and approaches of </em>Tazkia<em> in order to renew them according the Islamic teachings. Furthermore, the paper recommends the re-activation of the roles of educational, cultural, religious, social and intellectual institutions in advancing the moderate approaches of </em>Tazkia<em> according to the standards and values ​​of Islamic worldview. Finally, the paper suggests more in-depth studies on the social, behavioral, ethical, spiritual and intellectual impacts and applications of </em>Tazkia<em> in our life. </em></p> Abdelaziz Berghout Copyright (c) 0 Journal of Usuluddin, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 48 2 227 252 10.22452/usuluddin.vol48no2.8