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S. Azman Ligun
Mohd Mahzan Awang
Abdul Razaq Ahmad
Mohd Isa Hamzah
Noor Wahida Hasan


This research aims to tackle the role of museums as an educational instrument in supporting the educational concept from History classes. The objective of this research is to explore the students’ experience after participating in educational activities in the gallery of the National Museum of Kuala Lumpur. This research is a qualitative research involving fifteen secondary students from three different schools. The data were collected by focus group interviews carried out structurally. The interview data collected were transferred in the form of transcript and every interview transcript was completed and given index code. Code allocation for the transcripts was done manually to create a theme that links. The research finding shows that the activities in the museum helps students to better understand the concepts that they learn in History lessons. The educational activities helps in teaching History as the museum’s gallery is arranged based on themes and chronology. For example, the theme arrangement for secondary history study consists of using evidence of history that used to exist, learning through experiencing, guidance from the museum staff and it becomes a source of new knowledge. The gallery is arranged in terms of chronology, following the themes and guide services to revise on history. This research suggests that every visit to the museum is for specific content even if the activities are handled by the teachers or participating in educational activities prepared by the museum staff. Visits with no purpose or any activities should be avoided so that museum visits would be more meaningful and of educational value.


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