Malaysian NANO-An International Journal 2023-12-27T00:00:00+08:00 Mohd Rashid Yusof Hamid Open Journal Systems <div class="gmail_default"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: tahoma,sans-serif;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%;"><em>Malaysian NANO-An International Journal (MNIJ)</em> offers a multidisciplinary source of information on all subjects and topics related to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. MNIJ aims to offer researchers, academics, students and interested individuals worldwide an opportunity to get informed of the latest advancements in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.</span></span></span></div> <div class="gmail_default"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: tahoma,sans-serif;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%;"><br />Special issues are regularly devoted to research and development of nanotechnology in individual countries and on specific topics. The articles featured in special issues for MNIJ are by invitation only. </span><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%;">MNIJ</span><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%;"> is an international peer-reviewed open-access journal, a multi-disciplinary journal twice yearly published by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Nanotechnology &amp; Catalysis Research Centre, University of Malaya, Malaysia</a>.</span> </span></span></div> <div class="gmail_default"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: tahoma,sans-serif;"><strong>eISSN : 2805-5152<br />Publisher : Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT)<br />Publication frequency : 2 time(s) per year</strong></span></span></div> <div class="gmail_default"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: tahoma,sans-serif;"><strong>Fee : No fee charges</strong></span></span></div> Investigation on impact properties of basalt and glass fiber reinforced polyester composites filled with nano silica 2023-08-11T09:09:01+08:00 Mohamad Asrofi Muslim <p>The relevance of granite waste is growing alongside the global demand for granite. This waste comprises various forms, including large granite pieces, tiny fragments, dust, and other debris. This research aimed to create a novel composite by incorporating nano silica from granite powder as a filler, combining it with basalt and glass fibres as the matrix, and using polyester as the resin. The fabrication involved Fiber Reinforced Composite (FRP) production through hand lay-up and vacuum silicon moulding to eliminate trapped air during lamination. After fabrication, tests were conducted for hardness, density, and Low-Velocity Impact under dropping weight. The results indicated that introducing nano silica as a filler in polyester resin positively impacted Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composite (BFRPC) and Glass Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composite (GFRPC). Analysis showed that as the nano-silica content increased, so did energy absorbed, impact strength and ductility index, up to a 1wt% nano-silica concentration. Beyond this point, agglomeration occurred, causing a decrease in these values. The 1 Nano silica Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composite (1NSBFRPC) material exhibited the highest energy absorption at 103.21J, indicating strong impact strength at 21.27kJ/m<sup>2</sup>. Conversely, the 1NSGFRPC material demonstrated the highest ductility index at 4.13. In comparison, Carbon Tech Global's (CTG) energy absorption, initially 25.56J, experienced a significant increase of 303.79%, reaching 103.21J. The impact strength also showed a notable shift, escalating by 396.96% from 4.28 KJ/m<sup>2</sup> to an impressive 21.27kJ/m<sup>2</sup>. This shift in impact strength represented a remarkable 128.2% surge, highlighting the significant influence of integrating nano-silica. This new composite suits truck body carriers and offers environmental benefits. Furthermore, utilising nano silica in this context not only aids in waste reduction within the granite sector but also contributes to sustainable resources.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Malaysian NANO-An International Journal Gold nanoparticles supported on reduced graphene oxide as green catalyst for solventless hydrosilylation process 2023-08-17T11:54:10+08:00 Muhammad Nur Iman Amir Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli Azman Ma'amor <p>The hydrosilylation reaction is a versatile process that is used to synthesize a variety of organosilicon compounds. However, the traditional metal oxide catalysts used for this reaction suffer from low activity and selectivity. In this study, we synthesized and characterized a gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) catalyst for the hydrosilylation reaction. The AuNPs-rGO catalyst was synthesized by a one-pot method using trisodium citrate (Na<sub>3</sub>C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>O<sub>7</sub>) as a reducing and capping agent. The catalyst was characterized by XRD, FESEM, and FTIR. The hydrosilylation reaction was carried out under solventless conditions using dimethylphenylsilane as the substrate. The AuNPs-rGO catalyst was found to be highly active and selective for the hydrosilylation reaction, yielding a 100% conversion of the substrate to disiloxane in 3 hours. The results of this study demonstrate the potential of AuNPs-rGO catalysts for the hydrosilylation reaction and suggest that they could be used to develop more efficient and sustainable processes for the synthesis of organosilicon compounds.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Malaysian NANO-An International Journal Green synthesis of size-controlled silver nan particles and their anti-cancer potentiality 2023-08-21T16:43:32+08:00 M. F. Kabir M. Z. Rahman J. Ferdousy A. K. M Atique Ullah M. Foysal I. M. Razzakul M. M. Rahman <p>Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) are now well recognized as one of the most prevalent kinds of materials that are put to use in a wide variety of biomedical applications, most notably as an anti-cancer agent. In the current investigation, Ag-NPs were effectively produced by reducing silver ions by employing the leaf extract of <em>Artocarpus heterophyllus</em> as a source of reducing and capping agents. By altering the quantity of the silver nitrate solution, we successfully synthesized three distinct kinds of Ag-nanoparticles that were mediated by <em>Artocarpus heterophyllus</em> leaf extract. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis first confirmed the formation of metallic silver, where peaks were found at fixed angles. XRD method was also used to validate the crystal geometry of the Ag-NPs, revealing that the Ag-NPs had a face-cantered cubic structure. The calculated average crystallite sizes of Sample-1 Ag-NPs, Sample-2 Ag-NPs, and Sample-3 Ag-NPs were 20.34 nm, 16.99 nm, and 18.88 nm, respectively. Ag-NPs were also confirmed from EDX analysis and firm Ag peaks, including several organic compound peaks. The nanoparticle’s range was between 120 nm and 220 nm, and the average particle size was near 170 nm, as found in the SEM image, and accumulation was observed in the SEM image. Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, we determined the functional groups of organic compounds that might be responsible for reducing agents and the presence of capping agents on the surface of Ag-NPs. The cell viability test was used to assess the cytotoxicity using the HeLa cell, a human carcinoma cell. The results revealed that the produced Ag-NPs demonstrated toxicity against carcinoma cells.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Malaysian NANO-An International Journal Nanotechnology in agriculture: A review of innovative utilization 2023-08-31T23:45:23+08:00 Nur Balqis Zamri <p>The escalating challenges posed by swift population growth, global climate change, and occurrences of disease outbreaks to ensure food security necessitate innovate agricultural improvement techniques. In this intricate milieu, nanotechnology, with its remarkable advancements, emerges as a potent avenue for enhancing sustainable agricultural practices. This review underscores the current landscape of nanotechnology in agriculture, highlighting the classification and synthesis of nanomaterials. Furthermore, insightful applications of nano-based products in agriculture are meticulously elucidated in term of advantages and risks possessed. Notably, the regulatory frameworks from different countries have been addressed to ensure the safety of consumers and the environment. However, despite its myriad benefits, nanotechnology is not exempt from limitations and potential negative consequences, which are explored in the final section of this review.</p> <p>Keywords: nanomaterials, agriculture, nano-based products, regulatory frameworks</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Malaysian NANO-An International Journal