PENGAWASAN KOMUNITI DAN PENCEGAHAN JENAYAH DI MALAYSIA: SEJARAH PERKEMBANGANNYA (Community Policing and Crime Prevention in Malaysia: Its History)
“Community policing” is a bizarre social concept and philosophy. However, this concept has long existed in our lives through practical community surveillance such as the neighborhood watch, the patrol system, the COP partner (Rakan COP), and the voluntary patrol scheme. There is no specific term for “community policing” in the Institute of Language and Literature’s database. Some researchers refer to the phrase “community police,” which is the direct translation from the English term. Conversely, there is a Malay term for “Community Policing,” which is community supervision. Therefore, the equivalent term that the Institute of Language and Literature recommends for “community policing” is “pengawasan komuniti.” This article reviews previous writing and studies relating to community policing, to explain its development. The primary purpose of this article is to explain the locus of community policing as part of a strategy to secure the safety of the community.