LOCALIZATION OF CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP PROCESS IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS: MALAYSIAN CONTEXT
Charismatic leadership is among the powerful leadership style that can directly and indirectly influence on organisational members. This is because, charismatic leaders are able to communicate with members easily, regardless of the kind of interactions they have. In educational organisations, charismatic leadership by giving confidence to the members can prioritize and lead the learning process with less hazard to achieve organisational goals and objectives. The main purpose of this study is to localise charismatic leadership process by examining its four stages in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). It aims to identify the level of practicing charismatic leadership in Malaysian HEIs. Also, it aims to identify the influential skills for charismatic leadership practice in HEIs. Moreover, this study aims to identify the relationship between charismatic leadership practices of HEIs and lecturers’ job satisfaction which indirectly impacts on their organisational performance. To achieve these objectives the study used a quantitative design and data were collected by distribution of a set of questionnaires among HEIs lecturers in Kuala Lumpur randomly. Findings show that the level of practicing the charismatic leadership in HEIs at an average level. The findings also indicated that the influential skills for charismatic leadership practice in HEIs are communication, self-monitoring, compassion skills, listening skill of confidence skill and selfimprovement skill respectively. The findings also pointed out that the formulating a vision, communication of vision, building trust & commitment, and achieving the vision have no relationship with the Job satisfaction of lecturers in HEIs. However, studies on leadership and job satisfaction specifically in HEIs are important and challenging that need to be seen as a concept of shared responsibilities. It has major implications on the success of the organisation and can affect the future of the nation.