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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs and DOIs for the references have been provided.
  • The text uses a 12-point font; 1.5 spacing, employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • Full research articles should be between 7,000 and 8,000 words in length.
  • Manuscripts submitted to the journal must be original. Authors of submitted manuscripts are obligated to not submit their manuscripts for publication elsewhere until an editorial decision is rendered. All submissions are subject to external double-blind refereeing.
  • All submissions must be in two separate documents:
  1. Cover page with full details of the authors including: details of the authors' institutional affiliation; full address and contact information, exact length of the manuscripts, brief (2-3 lines) biographical description and any acknowledgements. One author should be identified as the corresponding author; and
  2. Manuscripts without any author identification/name, that fully matches the journal house style. Ensure that all identifiers have been removed from files such as Microsoft Word documents. Personal or hidden information is stored in File Properties, which can be removed using these steps:
    Tools→ Options → Security tab → File properties → Remove personal information → Save
  • Manuscripts should be of a high standard of English, i.e., they should be clear, well-articulated and comprehensible.
  • Manuscripts must follow British spelling throughout and should be written using MS Word, with Times New Roman font type size 12 with 1.5 line spacing. Foreign words should be in italics. The length should be between 7,000 words to 8,000 words.
  • The manuscripts should begin with an indented and italicized abstract of around 100-200 words, describing the main arguments and conclusions of the article,
  • Each manuscript should have five (5) keywords, followed by three (3) relevant JEL Classification codes.
  • Tables and figures should be numbered separately and sequentially using Arabic numerals. Each table and figure should be given an informative title.
  • Endnotes should be kept to a minimum, indicated by superscript figures in the text, and placed at the end of the manuscript.
  • References are cited in the text by the author's surname, and the publication year. Full details are given in the reference list.
  • References list should follow the APA reference style.
  • Effective 1 March 2021, there will be no submission fees for this journal. There will be a publication fee of USD100 per article to partially cover the expenses of copy editing of accepted papers. Payment of the publication fee should only be done upon the acceptance of the paper. The detailed information of the payment process can be seen here. The payment can be made at this website.


Book Reviews

Ordinary book reviews are limited to 1,500 words maximum, focusing on publications of no more than five years old. The author, book title, city/publisher, year and total number of book page should be listed at the top of the book review.

All book reviews should be submitted to the Editor-In-Chief: ijie@um.edu.my