Gender Ethics in the Fictions of Li Zishu and Fatimah Busu
Li Zishu and Fatimah Busu are both indigenous writers of Malaysia. Their literary writings reveal a sense of concern over women due to their own female identity, but at the same time show different points of view towards gender issues due to their respective ethnic cultures. Their writings reflect the situation of women living in patriarchal social culture, and express the idea of pursuing gender equality by directly expressing their stands, or diametrically deconstructing patriarchy in their works. When juxtaposing their gender consciousness, the distinction and contradiction between them would be obvious, in which this comparison would lead to the questions: Is the idea of gender equality pursuing absolution? Also, what is the space for the idea to grow? Regarding the gender ethics and constraints, this essay is aimed to find out the gender ethics in the gender consciousness of Li Zishu and Fatimah Busu from three perspectives, which are “body and image”, “gender expectation and spiritual pursuit” and “sex and sin”.