Organisational Structure and Development of Malaysian Buddhist Institute (1970-2019)

Main Article Content

Yi Chun CHIN Thing Ho CHING

Abstract

马来西亚佛学院之组织与发展(1970-2019)


 释显性、郑庭河


马来亚大学文学与社会科学学院中文系


 摘要


本文对1970至2019年的马来西亚佛学院(简称马佛院)的成立背景、课程设计、学生学会及活动,及其办学成果进行论述。马佛院成立于1970年,并附属于马来西亚佛教总会。该学院是马来西亚唯一受政府承认的佛教学府,其宗旨为提倡佛教教育,培植佛教弘法及住持人才。在过去近五十年里,马佛院竭力营造闻思修具足的环境来训练学生,以期学生能够成为解行并进的佛教人材。在大马东西方文化交融,不同价值观和文化互相渗透和频繁互动的趋势下,马佛院是如何因应时代的推移和跟进大环境而转型和自我定位?该学院马佛院成立的过程和组织架构是如何的?其办学成果又为如何?透过认识马佛院的历史,可以让佛教教育者更好地理解马佛院时代性的发展,认清方向、历史的位置和责任,并能更好地发展未来。本文采用历史分析法,并透过马来西亚佛学院历届毕业刊、院讯、报章、网站等数据文本研究方法来进行探讨马佛院在历史中的发展规律。


关键词:马来西亚佛学院,佛教教育,办学理念,组织发展 


This paper discusses the historical development, teaching content, curriculum design, and teaching outcome of Malaysian Buddhist Institute (MBI) from 1970 to 2019. Malaysian Buddhist Institute was founded in 1970 and is currently affiliated with the Malaysian Buddhist Association. The Malaysian Buddhist Institute is the only local Buddhist educational institution recognized by the Malaysian government, which aims to promote Buddhist education, train the future dharma propagators, and nurture temple abbots or abbesses. Since its founding in 1970, MBI has strived to create an environment in which students can be trained to become distinguished Buddhist practitioners. How has MBI transformed and self-positioned in the Malaysian context, which integrates and infiltrates different values and cultures? How has it evolved in terms of organizational structure and institutional development? To what extent has it achieved its teaching objectives? By analyzing the history of MBI, Buddhist educators would better understand the current development of MBI, recognize the direction, historical position and responsibility of MBI, and better develop it in the future. This paper explores the history and organizational structure of MBI through the primary data and historical analysis research methods. Primary data of the research are mainly derived from graduation journals, newsletters of MBI, newspaper and website.


Keywords: Buddhist Institute, Buddhist Education, Teaching Objective, Organizational Development

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How to Cite
CHIN, Yi Chun; CHING, Thing Ho. Organisational Structure and Development of Malaysian Buddhist Institute (1970-2019). Journal of Chinese Literature And Culture 馬大華人文學與文化學刊, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1, p. 25-45, june 2020. ISSN 2289-232X. Available at: <https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JCLC/article/view/28227>. Date accessed: 06 mar. 2021.
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