Main Article Content
The ongoing underrepresentation of Iraqi school students in science, mathematics, and PE (SMPE) in general, and in particular, in PE, demonstrates the need to develop and implement strategic high-impact practice, such as new teaching approaches/methods or effective teaching strategy that not only improves students' academic outcomes but also fosters student development holistically. At Iraqi schools, there is a need to help Iraqi school students persist and keep interested in their discipline and their academic level; hence, this study aims at exploring the effects of various PE STA approach, TGFU, and TTA on intermediate school students’ physical abilities. A total of 90 male students participated in the present study. In EGs, the STA and TGFU were employed for the EG1 and EG2, while the TTA was used for CG. The results of the SPANOVA test showed a significant effect of the STA and TGFU approaches in enhancing physical abilities in favour of the STA. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the interaction between Test time and teaching groups. The value of research does not require only coming up with solutions to a problem (under study) but also revealing new concerns worthy of investigation and analysis, like investigating this tool's effectiveness in teaching other sports.