Al-Ḍād Journal is an internationally refereed scholarly online journal published by the Department of Arabic and Middle Eastern Languages, Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, Universiti Malaya. Such interest areas of research are phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, lexicology, literary criticism, and language teaching and learning. It is published twice a year on the Web (July and December). Papers will be published in Arabic, English, and Malay. Papers on theories and practices including those on discussions of and reflections on methods, techniques and ideas useful in the classroom are welcomed. There must be critical discussions of the issues, new and significant contribution to the related field. Papers should not be less than 15 pages and not more than 25 pages.