Main Article Content
This paper investigates the bilateral trade pattern between Japan,
Malaysia and China (JMC) using the intra-industry trade (IIT) index
analysis. Our empirical fndings revealed the following. First, China shows
a higher degree of IIT relation with Japan vis-à-vis Malaysia. Second, to the
extent of whether rapid manufacturing development in China is affecting
Malaysia’s export to Japan, our analytical evidence demonstrates that the
degree of overlapping exports to Japan by Malaysia and China has increased
over time. Although this trend appears to be an indication of increasing
competition from China in relation to Malaysia’s products in the Japanese
market, our empirical evidence – detailing the degree of product similarity
between Malaysia and China using the unit value (UV) measurement
– shows that both countries’ exports actually comprise mainly vertically
differentiated products or different segments of the market in Japan.
Nevertheless, the results also reveal that, compared to Malaysia, China is
rapidly increasing its export share in horizontally differentiated products or
similar market segments.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described is original, has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis); that is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. Transfer of copyright to the University of Malaya becomes effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline and online) or other reproductions of similar nature.
An author may self-archive the English language version of his/her article on his/her own website and his/her institutions repository; however he/she may not use the publishers PDF version which is posted on www.ijie.um.edu.my. Furthermore, the author may only post his/her version, provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link must be accompanied by the following text: The original publication is available at www.ijie.um.edu.my.
All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and redistribute the article (e.g. as offprint), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic database, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from the publishers. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
The copyright owners consent does not include copying for general distribution, promotion, new works, or resale. In these cases, specific written permission must first be obtained from the publishers.