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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • Please provide (separate Microsoft word documents):
    1. Full text of manuscript without list of author(s) & affiliation
    2. Title page with author(s) name & affiliation (formal email address formal), contact number & abstract with min five keywords) must be provided
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses);
  • All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end & each of them MUST BE CITED.
  • All submissions should acknowledge the funding / grant number / supporting agencies, after conclusion before the references.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
Contributions in English or Bahasa Malaysia/Indonesia (preferable in English) should be typed single-spaced and should not exceed 8000 words for the full paper, 5000 words for review essay and 1500 words for a book review. All citations and references must follow APA style with endnotes.

Please be informed,  we would appreciate if you could submit and separate this document into:

i) Title page ( author affiliation, email address & abstract with min five keywords).

ii) Full text WITHOUT author's name & affiliation but Title, Abstract and Keywords must be provided