LATARBELAKANG KATA-KATA PINJAMAN BAHASA ASING DI DALAM BAHASA TAMIL (THE BACKGROUND OF BORROW-WORDS IN TAMIL LANGUAGE)

  • Pushpa Rani Subramani Selvan, Ms. Department of Indian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya
  • Mohana Dass Ramasamy, Dr. Department of Indian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya

Abstract

Language plays an important role in human life. It has its own privileges, and is able to distinguish between humans and other species. Human privilege is characterized by the uniqueness that is rarely seen in other species, the ability to pass on information to others. Language is not a living thing, it serves as instrument for every human activity. As languages ​​are constantly changing and evolving, they were constantly on the need of increasing number of vocabulary for progressive communication. This flexible feature leads to lending and borrowing processes between languages. Although the Tamil language is often said to have a unique long surviving history, it also faced similar situations, borrowing vocabulary from foreign languages. This has become important to remain competitive and remain in line with the current demands. This paper examines the different types of loanwords that were adopted in Tamil, just to meet the mentioned needs.


 


Bahasa memainkan peranan yang penting dalam kehidupan manusia. Ia memiliki keistimewaan tersendiri, dan berupaya membezakan manusia dengan spesis-spesis lain. Keistimewaan manusia terserlah dengan adanya keunikan tersendiri yang jarang dilihat pada spesis-spesis lain, iaitu,  keupayaan untuk menyampaikan maklumat kepada orang lain (Bloomfield 1933). Bahasa bukan sesuatu benda hidup yang kekal, malahan, ia adalah sesuatu aktiviti yang dilakukan oleh manusia (Jespersen 1964). Bahasa sering berubah dan berevolusi. Keadaan ini membawa kepada pertambahan kosa kata di dalamnya apabila diperlukan. Ciri fleksikal ini membawa kepada proses pinjam dan meminjam berlaku diantara bahasa. Sungguhpun Bahasa Tamil sering dikatakan mempunyai sejarah klasik yang unik, ia turut berhadapan dengan keadaan sedemikian, peminjaman kosa kata daripada bahasa asing untuk terus bersaing dan kekal bersesuaian dengan kehendakan semasa. Kertas kerja ini mengkaji pelbagai jenis kata pinjaman yang diterima pakai dalam bahasa Tamil.

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Author Biographies

Pushpa Rani Subramani Selvan, Ms., Department of Indian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya

The author was a post-graduate student at the Department of Indian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya. She also was a serving teacher in a tamil school in Malaysia

Mohana Dass Ramasamy, Dr., Department of Indian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya

The author is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Indian Studies in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya.

Published
2016-11-01
How to Cite
SUBRAMANI SELVAN, Pushpa Rani; RAMASAMY, Mohana Dass. LATARBELAKANG KATA-KATA PINJAMAN BAHASA ASING DI DALAM BAHASA TAMIL (THE BACKGROUND OF BORROW-WORDS IN TAMIL LANGUAGE). Journal of Indian Studies (இந்திய ஆய்விதழ்), [S.l.], v. 10, p. 130-136, nov. 2016. ISSN 2735-0037. Available at: <https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JIS/article/view/25409>. Date accessed: 19 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.22452/JIS.vol10no1.11.
Section
Articles

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