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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

  1. All manuscripts submitted for publication must include a separate page containing the author’s full name, affiliated institution and its mailing address, phone numbers (personal mobile and office), and email address.

  2. For submission via email, a manuscript should be attached as a Microsoft Word document, typed in Times New Roman with 12-point font size. The journal will not accept previously published work and those that are on offer to any other publisher.

  3. The length of the manuscript should be between 6,000 and 8,000 words and double-spaced throughout in accordance with the format requirements of the journal. All submitted articles will not be returned.

  4. Each article must be accompanied by an abstract of not more than 250 words, written in English (and also in Malay for Malaysian contributors). All articles will be reviewed by two reviewers appointed by the Editorial Board. Decisions made by the Editorial Board are final.

  5. There should be no more than two contributors named as authors for an article.

  6. For further enquiries, please contact the Chief Editor:

    Dr. Arba'iyah Mohd Noor
    Tel: +603-79675567


Footnote Referencing Style

Footnotes, in general, provide a comprehensive list of information on sources (books, articles, documents and others), which may be used by the readers, including researchers, as references for their own dissertation, articles and books. An article should have relevant footnotes properly annotated, mainly to supplement its narration, provide additional information on the sources of references, and importantly, to avoid plagiarism accusation. An author must cite every single primary and secondary source used in footnotes, usually at the bottom of the page. However, it should be noted that the APA style of reference is strictly not allowed to be used in articles submitted to the journal Sejarah.

1. Book: For the first time a reference is made, it should be in full citation with the following details:

Author’s name
Title of the book(Italicized)
City of publication
Year of publication
Page number referred.


Ramlah Adam, Kemelut Politik Semenanjung Tanah Melayu, Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 2003, pp. 10-12.

2. The second citation to that text will be in abbreviated form, as follows:

Ramlah Adam, Kemelut Politik Semenanjung, p. 14.

3. If the author and the page number remain the same consecutively, the footnote may be written as:

Ibid. (implying the same author and page number as the previous one); or
Ibid., pp. 20-22 (for different page numbers)

*(The use of op.cit is not allowed)

4. Footnote for a journal article may be written as:

Khoo Kay Kim, "Nasionalisme di Malaysia", Malaysia Dari Segi Sejarah, Vol. 3, No. 2, June 2004, pp. 20-22.

5. An edited book referred to for the first time should be in full citation:

Mohammad Redzuan Othman and Danny Wong (eds.), Sejarah Pembinaan Negara Bangsa, Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 2005, p.10.

The second citation to that text may be abbreviated as:

Mohammad Redzuan Othman and Danny Wong (eds.), Sejarah Pembinaan Negara Bangsa, p. 10.

6. To cite a chapter in a book, the footnote should include the following:

Ahmad Kamal Arifin Mohd Rus, "Sejarah Sosial Bandar Kuala Lumpur, 1890-1914", in Mohd. Redzuan Othman and Danny Wong (eds.), Sejarah Pembinaan Negara Bangsa, Kuala Lumpur, University of Malaya Press, 2005, pp. 10-25.

7. For the various kinds of British Colonial Records, the footnotes may follow the following format:

Letter / Telegram (examples)

Sir Donald MacGillivray to the Secretary of Colonial Office, 1 Feb. 1956,

CO 537/211 (35) - [Starts with the name of the letter/telegram sender, followed by the name of the recipient, date and the related file number – CO 537 refers to the file’s serial number, whereas 211 refers to the particular file; and 35 makes reference to the specific letter contained in that file]

Colonial Secretary of the Straits Settlements to the Resident of Selangor, 20 Jan. 1875, SSF 3/75.

Letter from J. Prince, the Resident of Selangor to John Anderson, the Governor, 7 Nov. 1827, SSR 139.

Reports (examples)

Speech by Oliver Lyttelton, Secretary of Colonial Office, 1 August 1955, at the Federal Legislative Council, CO 1022/210 (11).

The Reid Commission Report, Kuala Lumpur: Government Press, 1957, pp. 30-40.

Minute of the Legislative Council of Selangor, 31 Dec.1877.

8. Personal Correspondence

Tan Cheng Lock to Tunku Abdul Rahman, 1 July 1955, Personal Correspondences of Tan Cheng Lock, SP13/1/21.

Collection of Royal Letters of Baginda Omar, Sultan of Terengganu, Attached, Letter from the Permanent Resident of Singapore to Baginda Omar, 1858, SP6/51.

9. Newspaper

Utusan Malaysia, 2 January 2004.

New Straits Times, 17 August 1961.

10. Magazine

Mohd. Khalid Saidin, "Naskah-Naskah Lama Mengenai Sejarah Johor", Dewan Bahasa, Number 6, August 1971, p. 9.

11. Official Document

Annual Report of the Federated Malay States, 1899, p. 1.

Report on the Administration of the Straits Settlements during the Year 1855-56, p. 2.

12. Thesis / Academic Exercise

A.C. Milner, "The Malay Raja: A Study of Malay Political Culture in East Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula in the Early Nineteenth Century", Ph.D. Thesis, Cornell University, United States of America, 1977, p. 10.

13. Interview

Interview with Prof. Emeritus Tan Sri Khoo Kay Kim at the Department of History, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 27 April 2010.

14. Manuscript

Hikayat Riau, (Jawi) Microfilm MF 724.7, Main Library of the University of Malaya, Folio 1.

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