Piagěm Tanaḥ Habaŋ and Piagěm Rambāŋ: The Reflections Of Palembang Sultanate’s Laws
Keywords:Piagěm, Laws, Palembang Sultanate, Inscriptions, Indonesia
The discoveries of Piagěm Palembang from the 17th to 18th centuries are now kept at the National Museum Jakarta, State Museum of South Sumatera, Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin (SMB) 2 Museum, and some are private properties. This article examines two Piagěm Palembang: Piagěm Tanaḥ Habaŋ and Piagěm Rambāŋ. The objective of this article is to analyze the content of the Piagěm Tanaḥ Habaŋ and Piagěm Rambāŋ. The methods applied to meet the objective are the historical research methods of heuristic, resource criticism, interpretation, and historiography. Based on the analysis, it is known that the content of the two Piagěm Palembang refers to the regulations applied by the Palembang Sultanate written on copper plates. The plates were then given to local governments that acknowledged the authority of the Palembang Sultanate. The analysis shows that Piagěm Tanaḥ Habaŋ and Piagěm Rambāŋ were the regulations applied to the areas under the Palembang Sultanate governance, that are the areas of Tanah Abang and Rambang in modern-day South Sumatera Province.
Received: 13 February 2023
Reviewed: 16 February 2023
Accepted: 1 April 2023