MINORITIES’ RIGHTS FROM ISLAMIC SOCIO-POLITICAL PERSPECTIVE: EXPLORATION OF MADĪNAH CHARTER AND CONSTITUTION OF PAKISTAN
Keywords:Minorities,, rights,, Madῑnah Charter, , exploration,, Pakistanâ€™s Constitution, socio-political
This study aims to explore the historical role of Methāq-e-Madīnah (Charter of Madīnah) for the rights of minorities and its association with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973. The rights of minorities have been the most burning issues in human history. In recent decades, the contemporary socio-political system has put considerable attention on minorities’ issues globally. In this scenario, for the Muslim world, the charter has become the first official historical treaty document, which owned minorities’ rights, respect, and identity. This divinely inspired charter was designed under the political wisdom of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) on 1st AH/624 CE. The charter had been declared Madῑnah a federal capital, which provided equal opportunities and benefits to Muslims and non-Muslims. Before this treaty document, human history could not bring any example regarding the rights of religious minorities. The Charter presents certain principles and rules for peaceful coexistence and harmonious society between Muslims and other minorities. It provides a social model of peace and prosperity focusing on religious and political freedom of humanity. The agreement provided equal rights, religious autonomy and socio-cultural freedom to the communities of Madῑnah including Jews, Christians, and polytheists. This study attempts to demonstrate how the charter of Madῑnah can be perceived as a preamble for peaceful coexistence between Muslims and non-Muslims in a contemporary pluralistic world in general and Pakistan in particular. The present study suggests the protection and care of minorities’ rights from the perspective of the charter of Madῑnah. This paper adopts historical, analytical, and comparative qualitative research methodology.
By submitting manuscripts to the Journal of Al-Tamaddun, authors agree to transfer copyright to the journal. However, authors may republish their work or grant others permission to republish it; in which case it should be accompanied by a proper acknowledgment that the work was originally published in the Journal of Al-Tamaddun. The journal adopt CC-BY-NC licence which authors may also share and distribute their article anywhere of non-commercial website, social media and repositories immediately on publication.
Authors may also reuse the Abstract and Citation information (e.g. Title, Author name, Publication dates) of their article anywhere at any time including social media such as Facebook, blogs and Twitter, providing that where possible a link is included back to the article on the journal site.